If you’re a car audio enthusiast, you want to get the most out of your sound system, and more power usually means better sound quality.
We’ve all seen those huge car amplifiers that look like they could power a small city. But is there such a thing as too much power for car speakers? Let’s find out.
An amplifier cannot be too powerful for speakers. While it can be too powerful for the vehicle’s electrical system, it can’t overpower the speakers. When amplifier produces more power than your speaker can handle, it can cause sound distortion, but it won’t damage the speakers.
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Tip: When searching for the amplifier to match the speakers, always check the continuous power (RMS) instead of the peak power ratings.
Producers often highlight the peak wattage as a marketing strategy. The maximum amount of power the amplifier can produce for a short time, which can be misleading.
What’s more important is how much wattage it can produce continuously without damaging your speakers at the same time.
For example, Kicker 46CXA3604T can produce 4x65W RMS at 4 ohms, which may not be enough for many speakers, but it also can make 2x180W RMS at 2 ohms when bridged, and that may be too much for some small car speakers.
In the article below, I will explain how much power is optimal for the best car amplifier and the consequence of too high wattage.
What Happens if a Car Amp Is Too Powerful?
The more powerful the amplifier is, the greater the musical sound.
However, issues can surface if the amp is regarded separately instead of as a component integrated into a system working together to create high-quality audio sound.
Consider the current or flow of electrical charge, as defined by Merriam-Webster. A power supply is rated at a voltage the amp can tolerate before overheating and shutting down.
In short, if the volts are too high and the amps are too low, it can be devastating for the amplifier.
An amplifier cannot be too powerful, assuming the car’s alternator can handle it. However, if the dash and headlights are dimming, the alternator may be overloaded, which can cause damage.
Alternators are rated in ampere (amp) units, which measure how fast the electricity flows, thereby determining the amp’s power.
The following table is a general guideline using estimates, but manufacturers can provide the exact calculation and recommendation for purchasing an amplifier with the maximum watts of power.
|Car Size||Alternator Amperes||Max Wattage|
|Small Car||30 – 60||300|
|Large Car (SUV)||50 – 150||1,200|
Also, if you are determined to buy an amp with a higher wattage, you can, as an alternative, purchase and install an alternator with higher amperage.
The question should be, what is the optimum amount of power the audio system can withstand because more power means a deeper sound and richer tone to your music?
Every car audio system is slightly different but can be customized, but if your budget allows:
Purchase a component speaker system, paying attention to the manufacturer’s limitation on RMPs. Higher RMPs allow the speakers to be paired with a higher wattage amp, resulting in a more powerful car stereo system.
Within the speaker system’s constraints, buy an amp that fits the alternator’s limitations. If that isn’t enough power, upgrade the alternator with a heavy-duty replacement part.
What Happens if Amp Is Not Powerful Enough?
Not having enough power can cause the amp to run too hot, resulting in distortion and damage to the speakers.
The damage to speakers will most likely be caused by turning gain control of the weak amplifier to the maximum level, which generates sound distortion at high volumes and mechanical damage to the cones and suspension.
Another risk of having an amplifier producing little power is related to the amplifier itself.
If it cannot make enough power demanded by speakers due to its low RMS ratings, an amp can often get damaged from clipping and overheating.
How to Make Car Amplifiers More Powerful?
If you are thinking about increasing the continuous power rating of your amplifier over the rates it was designed for, it is only possible by changing its internal components. This topic, however, is related more to advanced electronics engineering than most car audio systems.
There is a way to increase the amplifier’s output, but some mandatory conditions must be met.
The only way to force the car amp to produce more power is to lower the output impedance by bridging the stereo channels, and this can be done by connecting both channels in parallel and leaving the other unused.
A “bridged” connection can effectively double your amplifier power output, but it can often depend on the design of the specific unit you are using.
Most factory-made amps can only handle 2-Ohm loads when bridged, so check with the manufacturer to verify this. In any case, be sure to check the amp’s manual first.
Some amplifiers can handle 1 or even 0.5 ohms, but those require specific connections to the external car battery bank. Otherwise, the serial alternator can’t provide enough power for the amp.
The perfect example of such an amplifier is the Taramps HV 160,000, with 160.0000 Watts RMS at 0.5-ohm stable (link to Amazon).
This monster, however, is not designed for any standard installation, and to make it work, you need 24 batteries with 130 amps each.
What Is an Amplifier?
An automobile amplifier is a device that turns low-level audio signals into power that moves the cones in the speakers to make a sound.
Amps with a higher watts RMS are more powerful and expensive, but does that make them better?
Among other elements, the power depends on the music’s loudness level, the speakers’ efficiency, and the air space in your vehicle.
For example, a Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV) will require a big amplifier with a higher wattage than a compact car to fill up the space with quality sounds.
Although a car amp is not visible, that doesn’t mean it isn’t installed.
If the car was purchased with a stereo by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM), you most likely have a low-end unit.
Since the purpose of an amplifier is to provide loud music without sound distortion, how much extra power should you buy?
While online calculators will quantify the wattage, the true meaning and ramifications must be established.
Amps are rated in terms of sustainable music power, the Root Mean Square (RMS), measured in watts, to make useful differentiation between units.
Manufacturers recommend maximum RMS power and a peak output wattage because sounds become strained if an amp is pushed beyond its limits.
If the amp is a small unit and pushed to the full RMS limit, the sound is less than optimal.
On the other hand, if the amp is more powerful and running at 20% capacity, there is plenty of headroom left over. And headroom is an extra power reserve if the audio signal exceeds normal levels.
Therefore, you cannot have too much power because the extra wattage prevents strained audio.
Furthermore, when adding a powerful amp, consider how it fits the system comprehensively.
Remember the following points to create the best situation:
#1. Update the speakers to influence car audio if adding a stronger amp to quality speakers.
#2. Replace coaxial with component speakers because the drivers are separated. An amp will filter and deliver low-level cleaner sounds to each driver, making it easier to hear every instrument.
In contrast, coaxial speaker drivers sit on top of each other, which causes a slight sound delay.
When purchasing new speakers, take a look at efficiency ratings, which describe the difference in a percentage calculated according to how much wattage is output and how much is used.
- 0.1% through 0.5% is acceptable.
- > 0.5% is excellent.
To increase speaker sound sensitivity ratings, you have to replace the speakers.
The sensitivity rating is determined by the volume of the speakers’ discharge combined with the available power.
- 84 through 90 dB is acceptable.
- Over 90 dB is excellent.
To determine which sensitivity will suit your needs, you must evaluate normal car noise.
For instance, it’s louder driving with the windows down or on busy city streets. As a result, more amp power is needed to increase the volume without affecting the sound purity.
To customize your audio system to hear more bass, add a subwoofer and a substantial amount of power. The subwoofer alone will consume more energy than all of your speakers.
When installing a subwoofer, it is important to use an amplifier with a high RMS power rating. This will allow a subwoofer to achieve a high sound pressure level, and the best for that are highly efficient class D amplifiers.
When selecting an amp for the subwoofer, it is also essential to choose the correct number of channels depending on the connection type.
For most car audio enthusiasts, a single channel amplifier will be enough.
However, when you use more than one subwoofer, it may be worth installing either separate amps or one multi channel amp to connect each sub to the different channel.
For sound and safety purposes, it’s crucial to use the correct power cable and speaker wire gauge when installing an amplifier. Dummies.com developed a chart that takes away all of the calculations and estimations.
The most basic amp offers a small control level because they are adjusted when installed, and the controls are hidden.
More expensive amps can be controlled on the unit or from your Bluetooth phone.
When choosing an amplifier, pay attention to the power quality, assigned class, and include the efficiency rating:
#1. Class AB is larger, more powerful, and more expensive.
#2. Class D amps are smaller and more efficient but don’t run as hot.
Although many advantages and disadvantages are discussed in this 9-minute video, one example is that distortion in Class A is lower and sounds generally better.
Continue to learn more by watching this beginner’s guide to the differences between Class A, A/B, and D power amplifiers.
Before purchasing an amplifier, you must calculate the correct wattage because the amp’s wattage must be, at most, the manufacturer’s recommendation or the speakers may run hot and break.
Use any of the many online resources from reputable companies.
For example, Crown Audio’s Amplifier Power Required calculator includes equations and explanations.
Or read the Apex Customs calculator, Car Audio Calculator, with step-by-step instructions and pictures to evaluate electrical power in watts.
Amp Wiring Kit
A car amp wiring kit will make the connections and bring power to the speakers.
While there are many choices online, the Complete 3000W Gravity 4 Gauge Amplifier Installation Wiring Kit Amp Pk2 4 Ga Blue includes all the necessities in your quest to identify and use the correct wattage and gauge for installation.
As demonstrated in this 4-minute video by Crutchfield, learn step-by-step amplifier installation.
Remember to find the appropriate spot to mount the amp, keeping in mind that the component generates heat, necessitating placement in a ventilated area.
Accordingly, the unit is often placed in the trunk or under the passenger car seat.
The amplifier plays an integral part in the character of the music and how sound is perceived.
Amps deliver sound frequencies to the correct speakers to electromagnetically move the sound, and drivers translate input signals into vibrations to be heard.
The more power your amplifier has, the better to create extra headroom and prevent straining.
Remember, an amp is only limited by its dependencies on the rest of the system and your superior sound determination.
Buy the most powerful amp for your system, and jump from a good to an excellent audio experience.