Sometimes, when installing your new car stereo, you may need a bit of modification, especially when your new car stereo harness is not compatible with your current car’s harness. But how to make a car stereo wiring harness? Let’s find out.
To create a car stereo wiring harness, start by referring to a wiring diagram specific to your vehicle and stereo model. Identify necessary wires and purchase the appropriate connectors and tools. Strip insulation from wire ends and connect stereo wires to the harness, matching colors or as indicated in the diagram. Securely crimp or solder connections, and wrap them with electrical tape or heat-shrink tubing for safety. If unsure, consult a professional to ensure proper installation.
Tip: Making a harness allows you to customize a car stereo, especially when you do not have the original one together with the stereo.
Not all of us however, feel comfortable playing with the wires. If you are one of the persons that would prefer to purchase a replacement for your original harness, click this link and check the harnesses for car stereos on Amazon now.
|A car stereo wiring harness is essential for connecting various audio components seamlessly.|
|Using a proper wiring harness can significantly reduce installation time and ensure optimal audio quality.|
|Wires in a car stereo system are color-coded (e.g., red for power, black for ground) for easier identification and installation.|
|Regular maintenance, including checking for wear, avoiding moisture, and ensuring secure connections, prolongs the life of the harness.|
|Common issues like the stereo not powering on or poor audio quality can often be resolved by troubleshooting the harness and its connections.|
|Investing in quality materials for the harness ensures better resistance to heat and wear, enhancing longevity.|
In this article, I will highlight all the pros, and cons, and I hope all questions you may have relating to making your own car stereo harness.
What Is a Harness for a Car Stereo?
A stereo harness is also known as a wiring harness, wire harness, wiring assembly, or wiring loom. It gathers and joins wires (electrical cables) that will relay an electrical signal or power.
All wires are typically bound together by non-conductive material such as rubber, electrical tape, and vinyl. They are connected to a little plastic device (connector or terminal) at each wire’s ends, doubling as a push-pull switch when the device is connected to its counterpart.
As with most audio connection points (terminals), you will typically have a female and male connector. The male connection point is the connection that must be inserted, and the female connection is the connection point that will receive the male connection point. This is apparent in any audio and video cables that you get.
The same is true for a wire harness (at least for the plastic connection). Furthermore, even though a wiring harness is typical and standard in most vehicles and most car stereos, they are not all the same.
In reality, the design and number of wires will be the same for all wiring harnesses. However, many will be visually different.
Advantages of a wiring harness
If you are dealing with some part of a car audio system and find yourself in a situation without a wiring harness, this could be frustrating because a wiring harness has a few important advantages.
Reduced installation time
Every vehicle to operate correctly requires many meters of wiring. A wiring harness dramatically simplifies manufacturing devices and cars by combining all the wires into one terminal.
Consequently, installing other vehicle components becomes more effortless, such as connecting a car stereo or replacing lights. This is because instead of running miles of individual wires, you can connect them all to one point.
Security and safety
Because the wires are connected tightly together within the end connection point terminal, the individual cables and components are less susceptible to the elements, vibration, and wear and tear.
Furthermore, much more space is optimized, and the risk of electrical shorts is significantly reduced. This is because the wires are taught and fixed within the terminal, therefore, are in a non-flexible position.
The wiring harness structure and how it connects sections together also reduce the risk of an electrical fire.
Why is a Car Stereo Wiring Harness Important?
#1. Centralized Connection: Think of the wiring harness as the central nervous system of your car audio. Much like how our brain sends signals to various parts of our body, the harness helps transmit audio signals to the speakers and ensures that power reaches the right components.
Without it, you’d have a web of unorganized wires, making installation a nightmare.
Imagine trying to assemble a 1,000-piece jigsaw puzzle without the image on the box. That’s what it feels like installing a stereo without a harness.
#2. Safety and Security: Without a harness, the risk of wire short circuits increases. Why’s that a concern?
Well, short circuits can lead to potential electrical fires or damage to your car stereo. With a harness, wires are neatly bundled, minimizing the chances of them coming into contact with one another.
According to statistical reports, around 20% of car fires are a result of electrical failures, many of which can be traced back to improper wiring.
#3. Aesthetic Appeal: Let’s face it; no one likes the sight of messy, tangled wires. A wiring harness keeps the wiring tidy, hidden, and out of view, ensuring your car’s interior looks neat and professional.
What are the connectors for the car stereo wiring harness?
Technology has come a long way and thus so have motor vehicles and car audio systems.
The days that you have a power lead and wires connecting to your speaker are long gone. You now have many facets that a car stereo system can incorporate and use.
These features can include remotes, dimmers, illumination, and more, depending on the type of stereo you have. As I have already explained, all these wires are bundled together and conjugate at the harness terminal.
Now, let’s look at all the primary connectors and wires you will find on a standardized wiring harness. This includes ones made by manufacturers and ones which you can purchase. This even goes for a harness that you can construct yourself because, as you will see, you’re able to buy specific connectors and cables.
The wire connectors
I briefly mentioned that in every stereo harness, you have two ends which are the male and female connectors, and this is a standard in the majority, if not in all cars. As an example, you can see Nilight waterproof connection terminals, which in addition will protect wires from a humidity if installed in wet conditions.
If you are replacing your OEM factory stereo, you will need to cut and use the original harness the stereo was delivered with ( I will explain how to make your own harness a little further). However, you could also purchase new connectors and create the new connection points all by yourself.
The main takeaway from this is that the connection point will always have a male and female version where the one connects to the other and functions like a push-pull switch.
Because the speakers’ connection types are classified as low level, you can use an RCA connection terminal instead of a harness.
Do take note, though, that if you plan to make your own harness, RCA connections can only be used on the wires associated with the speakers and only if your stereo or vehicle allows this type of connection.
By today’s standards, there are not only wiring harnesses that make connections much easier, but also color-coded wires are also helpful.
Before color code was introduced to the car audio, to make a harness and connect it correctly with the rest of the car audio equipment, you would need factory wiring diagrams. It can be challenging to connect wires that do not have corresponding colors not only in the car audio systems but also in other types of electric installations.
Here’s a little tip – always refer to the manual that comes with your stereo. It provides a color guide, ensuring each wire connects to its rightful place.
Wire Colors for Car Stereo Installation
The yellow wire
The yellow wire is a direct line to the battery and is called the Constant Wire. This wire provides most of the power to your stereo and also a memory backup. When you turn your car on and off, your radio stations and all presets are saved.
The blue wire
The blue wire is a remote turn-on or power antenna. This means, if you have another device (an amplifier with a remote connection point), the blue wire will be connected to that device, and every time your car stereo is turned on, the amplifier will turn on automatically.
In essence, it is a trigger wire turning on any device, and when a blue wire is missing or not connected correctly, you may see your battery drained.
The green wires
Green wires are the leads for your left rear speakers. The solid green is the positive wire, while the green-black is the negative wire.
The purple wires
Purple wires are the leads for your right rear speakers. The solid purple is the positive wire, while the purple-black is the negative wire.
The grey wires
Grey wires are the leads for your right front speakers. The solid grey is the positive wire, while the grey-black is the negative wire.
The white wires
White wires are the leads for the left front speakers. The solid white is the positive wire, while the white-black is the negative wire.
The black wire
The black wire is the ground wire, and this wire can be connected to either a metal section of the car or directly to the battery negative terminal. The black wire is effectively grounding the stereo to reduce any noise or interference.
The red wire
The red wire is the trigger wire that tells the car stereo to turn on when you insert and turn the key in your vehicle’s ignition system.
The orange wires
The orange wire will typically be an illumination wire. Some stereos have an orange-black wire, and this functions similarly to an illumination wire except that it is a dimmer wire.
From your dash, you can adjust the degree of illumination that is coming from your car stereo.
What Is Car Stereo Wiring Diagram?
A car stereo wiring diagram is a graphical representation of which wires will connect to the terminal and their position.
Wiring diagrams often include a table or a list that will correlate to the wires and connection points. You can use a wiring diagram to understand what goes where effectively and, if need be, to route out any problems that may have occurred.
Furthermore, if you need to restore a wiring harness due to any reason, you will manufacture one to the correct specifications.
Take a look below at the example of a wiring diagram:
What Gauge Wire Is Used for Car Stereo Harness?
Wire gauge, by its typical definition, is the measurement of a wire’s diameter. The size of the diameter will determine the amount of current that the wire can safely carry. The wire gauge will also determine the electrical resistance of the wire itself (its impedance).
Typically the car stereo will have wires with a wire gauge between 14awg and 18awg.
The power lead will have the thickest gauge (14awg), and the rest of the harness wire will be thinner, typically between 16awg and 18awg.
How to Wire Car Stereo From Scratch?
Below I will explain how to construct your very own wiring harness, or in other words, how you should wire your car stereo from scratch.
You may need to make a harness for several reasons, including installing or upgrading your stereo or head unit or when your current harness and wiring are faulty in some way.
Tools to Build a Wiring Harness
How to Splice Car Audio Wires?
The first and most important factor we will have to grasp is understanding how to splice (cut and connect wires).
This is going to be the majority of the work in building a car stereo harness. Hence we have to understand the correct and incorrect ways to splice wires.
The preferred method of removing the insulation shield is using wire strippers because they are specifically designed only to remove the wire’s insulation shield and not damage the internal wiring.
If you use scissors of any kind, you will most likely damage or remove some of the wire.
The best method of connecting wires together is to solder them. Many people often crimp wires together using a terminal, but that method is also subject to wear and tear and can eventually lead to faults.
By soldering the wires, you create a permanently fixed connection resistant to the elements and any form of wear and tear and vibrations of the car. To further protect soldered cables, it is worth using the heat shrink to cover the connection point.
Heat Shrink is by far much more effective than electrical tape and is far more robust, withstanding a lot more punishment than electrical tape can handle.
Check out the video below, where you will see how to splice and connect car audio wire.
How to Not Splice Car Wires Together?
When most individuals strip and connect wires, they will use a pair of kitchen scissors to strip the wire and then twist and bend the ends together.
Next, they will twist the two ends of the opposing wires together and then use electrical tape to cover the connection point. This way, although it somehow works, is the wrong way to cut and join wires.
Joining the wires together this way will increase the risk of losing them and creating a short in your stereo circuit. Furthermore, the electrical tape and connection are susceptible to the elements and vibrations of the car. This may eventually lead to wear and tear and even unraveling of the wire.
Building a Car Stereo Harness
Now that you already know how to splice and join car audio wires together, we are ready to create our very own car wiring harness.
The first thing you need to do is determine why you need to make a new harness. You may do not want to build the harness from scratch but instead utilize the one you have on hand if possible.
This means if you are replacing an OEM factory standard stereo, it will have a harness already connected to it that can connect to the harness in your vehicle.
Logic would suggest that all you would need to do, instead of manufacturing one from scratch, is to cut the old stereo’s harness and implement it onto the new stereo.
You could manufacture your own harness from scratch using the terminals as I suggested earlier and then run and solder each wire and connection point individually. This, however, would not be efficient.
The process would require you to cut out your vehicle’s harness and your new stereos harness. You would then purchase the individual terminals and connect each pair to the wire in your car and the corresponding wire on your new stereo.
For the most part, you will have a harness that connects to your vehicle, so it will be best to construct your new harness from this one.
All you need to do is cut the old harness at the appropriate length and then cut your new stereo’s harness to the proper size. If you find that one or the other is too short, you need to add some stereo wire between the two and compensate for length.
The next thing you have to do is check any wire diagrams that your new stereo comes with and any manuals with wire diagrams that your vehicle is associated with.
With these two diagrams, you can determine which wires match and need to be soldered together to create the new harness.
After that, the only thing left to do is to splice the new stereo’s wires (harness) with your old stereos harness. The process is very straightforward and simple enough to manage.
If you prefer a visual aid, check this short video below.
Troubleshooting Common Issues
We’ve all been there. After what feels like hours of wiring and connecting, the final moment of truth comes – you turn on your car stereo.
Only to be met with…silence. Or perhaps the sound that does emerge is far from the crystal-clear tunes you were hoping for. Fear not! Let’s tackle some of these common hitches head-on.
Stereo Not Turning On
Ah, the most heart-dropping of issues. But before you despair:
#1. Check the Power Source: Ensure that the yellow wire (in most radios responsible for constant power) and the red wire (for switched power) are correctly connected. Picture these two as the veins of your car stereo, without which it can’t come alive.
#2. Examine the Fuse: Sometimes, a blown fuse could be the culprit. A quick replacement often brings the stereo back from the dead. Think of this as changing a lightbulb when your lamp refuses to shine.
#3. Grounding Issues: If your ground wire (black) isn’t securely connected to a metal part of the car, it’s a no-go. Secure it tightly; imagine this as the anchor keeping your boat steady in choppy waters.
Issues with Audio Quality
If your music sounds more like a 80s walkie-talkie than a high-end stereo system:
#1. Inspect the Speaker Wires: Loose or frayed wires can drastically reduce sound quality. It’s a bit like trying to drink a soda through a straw with a hole in it – unsatisfying and flat.
#2. Crossed Wires: Ensure that your wires aren’t crossed. If they are, you might experience sound from the wrong speakers or none at all. Imagine plugging your headphones into a microphone jack – sounds absurd, right? That’s what crossed wires feel like to your stereo.
#3. Look at the Source: Sometimes, the issue isn’t the wiring but the source itself. A scratched CD or a low-quality music file can be the hidden culprits. It’s akin to expecting HD quality from an old VHS tape. A switch to a better-quality source might just clear things up.
Maintenance and Care
Ever purchased a brand-new pair of shoes? They’re stylish, pristine, and you’re incredibly proud of them. But without proper care, they’re soon worn out and lacking that initial luster.
Similarly, when it comes to the wiring harness of your car stereo, it’s not just about getting it set up correctly; maintenance plays an essential role in ensuring it stands the test of time.
Imagine driving your car without ever checking the oil or tire pressure; it wouldn’t last very long, right? The same concept applies to your car stereo’s wiring harness.
Regularly inspect the wires for signs of wear, fraying, or corrosion. This step might seem mundane, but catching a potential issue early can save a heap of headaches later. It’s a bit like spotting a small hole in those new shoes and patching it up before it becomes irreparable.
Protect from the Elements
If you’ve ever left anything metal outside and watched it corrode over time, you’ll understand the havoc elements can wreak. To ensure the longevity of your wiring harness:
#1. Use Quality Materials: Investing in wires that are heat-resistant or covered in protective sheathing can make a world of difference. It’s akin to buying a raincoat that’s both stylish and water-resistant—form and function in tandem.
#2. Avoid Moisture: As tempting as it might be to blast music in the rain with windows down, be wary of letting any moisture get to the stereo or its wiring. Think about it this way: would you let those new shoes sit out in the rain? Probably not.
#3. Ensure Secure Connections
A loose connection can not only affect performance but can wear out your wiring over time. Just as tying your shoelaces ensures you don’t trip and fall, regularly checking and ensuring all connections are tight can prevent many common audio issues.
#4. Avoid Overloading
Remember, each wire and connector in your harness has a limit. Continually pushing them to their max can wear them out prematurely. It’s a bit like running a marathon in brand new shoes without breaking them in first; they’ll wear out faster and might just give up on you mid-race.
When a wiring harness is included, the whole wiring process is much more straightforward and can be done at a relatively low cost.
Although a harness looks complicated, it is just a terminal that connects many wires. Those wires are even color-coded (for car audio stereos) to lessen the risk of joining the wires incorrectly.
It is much easier if you have a previous harness from your old car stereo because you know that harness is compatible with your car, and all you need to do is to splice your new harness to the old one.